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About Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a South Asian country located beside India. It is bordered in 3 sides by India, and one side by the Bay of Bengal.

In colonial period, Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan was the same country. In 1947 when British left the sub-continent, it was divided in two countries based on religion – India and Pakistan. Bangladesh was then a part of Pakistan as a Muslim major area. In 1971 Bangladesh was liberated from Pakistan after 9 months of war, in which 3 million

General information

Official Name:

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Political system:

Parliamentary democracy

Capital name:


Time zone:

GMT + 6 hours

Major cities:

Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur

Principal rivers:

Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.(total 310 rivers including

Principal industries:

Ready made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building

Principal exports:

Readymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.

Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2010, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics



Between 200 34′ and 260 38′ north latitude and between 880 01′ and 920 41′ east longitude


North, West and East: India South East: Myanmar(Burma) South : Bay of Bengal


56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.

Territorial water:

12 nautical miles

Main seasons:

Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)

Climate variations:

9:00am - 18:00pm

Principal seasonal crops and fruits:

Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.

Natural resources:

Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand

Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2010, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Economy Overview

GDP total:

$112.00 bn (at current prices 2011-12)

GDP per capita:

$772 (at current prices 2011-12)

GDP growth rate (%):

6.32 (at constant prices 2011-12)

Total exports:

$24.287 bn (2011-12)

Total imports:

$35.44 bn (2011-12)

Total FDI:

$1.136 bn (2011), $462.77 m (Jan-June,2012)

Forex reserves:

$12.35 bn (Nov, 2012)


BDT (1 BDT=$0.0121) (avg 2011-12)

Source: Bangladesh Economic Review-2012, Ministry of Finance Export Promotion Bureau

You should know

Cox's Bazar (Bengali: কক্সবাজার, Koksbajar, Koksbazar or Kokshbajar) is a town, a fishing port and district headquarters in Bangladesh. The beach in Cox's Bazar is an unbroken 120 km (75 mi) sandy sea beach with a gentle slope, one of the world's longest.It is located 150 km (93 mi) south of the industrial port Chittagong. Cox's Bazar is also known by the name Panowa, whose literal translation means "yellow flower." Its other old name was "Palongkee".

Kuakata (Bengali: কুয়াকাটা) is a town known for its panoramic sea beach. It is located in south-eastern Bangladesh, and is the number two tourist destination in the country. Kuakata beach is a sandy expanse 18 kilometres (11 mi) long and 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) wide. From the beach one can have an unobstructed view of both sunrise and sunset over the Bay of Bengal.

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Beautiful Bangladesh

Beautiful Bangladesh School of Life

Incredibly Beautiful

Source: Bangladesh Economic Review-2012 & Ministry of Finance Export Promotion Bureau